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3 Year Old

   Sensory and Thinking Skills:
            · Recognize sounds in the environment
            · Pay attention for about 3 minutes
            · Remember what happened yesterday
            · Know what is food and what is not food
            · Know some numbers (but not always in the right order); count 2-3 objects
            · Know where things usually belong
            · Understand what “1” is
            · Understand “now,” “soon,” and “later”
            · Laugh at silly ideas (like “milking” a dog)
            · Look through a book alone
            · Match circles, squares, an object to a picture of that object, objects that have same function
            · Avoid some dangers (hot stove; moving car)
            · Follow simple one-step commands
            · Object to major changes in routine, but is becoming more compliant
            · Begin to separate more easily from parents

   Motor/Self-Help Skills:
            · Feed self with some spilling; hold a glass in one hand
            · Dress self with help; put on shoes (not tying)
            · Use toilet with help; wash and dry hands by him/herself
            · Climb well, run easily, bend over easily without falling, jump with both feet
            · Walk down stairs alone, placing both feet on each step; upstairs alternating feet with help
            · Walk on tiptoes if shown how
            · Swing leg to kick ball, try to catch a large ball
            · Pedal tricycle
            · Hold crayon well; make vertical, horizontal, and circular strokes
            · Turn book pages one at a time
            · Build a tower of more than 6 blocks
            · Screw and unscrew jar lids, nuts, and bolts
            · Turn rotating handles and open doors

   Language and Social Skills:
            · Use 3-5 word sentences
            · Ask short questions
            · Use words to communicate wants and needs
            · Show frustration when not understood
            · Strangers can understand most of words
            · Use plurals (“dogs,” “cats”)
            · Name at least 10 familiar objects; 1 color
            · Imitate housework or help with simple tasks
            · Ask to use the toilet almost every time
            · Enjoy being read to
            · Talk about feelings and mental states (such as remembering)
            · Demonstrate some shame when caught in a wrongdoing
            · Try to make others laugh
            · Play spontaneously with 2-3 children in group
            · Assign roles in pretend social play (“You be mommy,” “I be daddy”)
            · Know first and last name
            · Understand “I,” “you,” “he,” and “she”
            · Believe everything centers around them (“If I hide my eyes, no one will see me”)
            · Answer whether she/he is a boy or girl

   Red Flags:
            · Frequent falling and difficulty with stairs
            · Persistent drooling or very unclear speech
            · Inability to build a tower of more than 4 blocks
            · Difficulty manipulating small objects
            · Inability to communicate in short phrases
            · No involvement in pretend play
            · Cannot feed self with spoon or drink from cup independently
            · Failure to understand simple instructions
            · Little interest in other children
            · Extreme difficulty separating from primary caregiver

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